The Falkland Islands Government conducts a Census every five years in accordance with the provisions of the Census Ordinance. The Attorney General is required by that Ordinance to prepare a report on census patterns. The Falkland Islands Census Report 2001 contains the Attorney General's report, the figures obtained on Census Day 7th April 2001, and comparative information with previous Census Reports.
The following conclusions and statistics are summarised from the Attorney General's report and are reproduced by permission, Crown copyright being reserved.
The population on Census Day was 2913. For comparison purposes the 534 persons present in the Falkland Islands in connection with the military garrison at Mount Pleasant Airport (MPA) should be excluded. (This figure of 534 excludes all military personnel and their families, who do not appear in any Census figures.) This produces a resident population for which FIG provides services of 2379. For a true comparison with Censuses before 1991, which counted persons temporarily absent from the Falkland Islands, the estimated number of persons temporarily absent on Census Day (112) needs to be added. This gives a figure of 2491. The highest previous comparable figure is that for the population in 1931 (2392). Thus the Falkland Islands in 2001 had the highest population they have ever had at the time of any Census.
The population of Stanley on Census Day was 1989, compared with 1636 in 1996, a growth in population of 21.58%. During the same period the population of West Falkland fell by 31 from its 1996 population of 174, a loss of 17.82%. The population of East Falkland fell by 25 from its 1996 population of 233, a loss of 10.73%. The population of the outlying Islands remained at 38. The principal cause of the population decline in Camp is the long-term fall, in real terms, of wool prices.
The inherent British nature of the Islands remains practically unaltered. There were on Census Day 2350 British citizens and 443 British Dependent Territories citizens: 95.88% of the total of 2913. The 1996 percentage was 96.3%.
The community is not ageing in the sense that the ratio of persons of working age to retired persons is shrinking: in fact this ratio is increasing. However the number of people of retirement age or over is increasing. There were 39 people of 80 and over in 1996: on Census Day there were 58. Persons over 65 have increased from 129 to 151. These figures have implications for the cost of providing services to the elderly. The retired population is 8.99% of the number of people of working age in the community outside MPA. This percentage is an extremely low one in terms of western economies. It is bound to increase if immigrant labour settles here in any numbers.
There is a significant increase of 77 to 121 in couples living together who are not married to each other. There is a big increase of 61 in the number of lodgers (15 to 76), 55 of which is attributable to Stanley.
The working population of the Islands has increased significantly since 1996, with 17.5% more people working full-time (1724 in 1996, 2025 on Census Day). Among those of working age, the employment rate in full-time employment is 98.5% (men) and 79.3% (women). The adjusted unemployment rate (ie. only counting those who are available for work, and subtracting students and those who described themselves as 'retired') is a negligible 1.04%. The pressure on the labour market is also seen in the number of people having second jobs (up by 31% to 316), on the number of working women (up by 24% to 797) and on the number of people working on after normal retirement of 65 years (53 people with full or part-time jobs, or 22% of the retired population). There is a rise of 10% in entrepreneurship, that is in the number of people reporting that they run their own full or part-time business.
The population is becoming increasingly more qualified. 1338 claim secondary school qualifications such as GCSEs (a rise of 39% on 1996) and 454 claim vocational qualifications (a rise of 31%) and these figures appear to confirm the effectiveness of strong educational drives by Government and the Falkland Islands Development Corporation
Reproduced by permission of the Falkland Islands Government. Crown copyright reserved.
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