Location Southern South America.
An archipelago in the
South Atlantic Ocean, approximately 300 miles east of southern Argentina 
Geographic coordinates Between latitude 51 and 53 degrees south and longitude 57 and 62 degrees west 
Total Land Area 12,173 square kilometres or approximately 4,700 square miles
Area - comparative Connecticut, Ulster or Wales
Composition Two large islands, East and West Falkland, and over 700 smaller islands (mostly unpopulated) ranging from the Jason Islands in the north-west to Beauchene Island in the south
Coastline 1,288 kilometres; highly indented with many rocky headlands and sandy beaches
Continental shelf 200 nautical miles
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nautical miles
Territorial sea 12 nautical miles
Capital Stanley (formerly known as Port Stanley)
Population 2,379 in 2001 Census, which excludes 112 residents temporarily absent on Census Night, and approximately 1,700 military and civilian personnel at the British military base of Mount Pleasant; 79% of residents are age 55 or under.  94% claim British birth or descent.  The workforce exceeds 2,050 persons.  Stanley's population at 1,989 is a 21.6% increase on 1996.  Camp population (ie. everywhere outside Stanley and Mount Pleasant) comprises 208 on East Falkland, 144 on West Falkland and 38 on the outer islands.
Crime Stanley prides itself on being the safest capital in the world.  There are no recorded cases of mugging or pickpocketing.
Terrain  Rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains; A significant feature in mountainous areas are the stone runs or 'rivers of boulders' formed by glaciation;
3 principal rivers (San Carlos River on East Falkland, Warrah and Chartres Rivers on West Falkland); no large inland bodies of water but plenty of small lakes and peaty pools  
Vegetation Low grasses, ferns and shrubs; no trees other than those introduced by settlers
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean - 0 metres
Highest point Mount Usborne in the Wickham Heights Range on East Falkland - 705 metres or 2,312 feet;
Mount Adam in the Hill Cove Mountains Range on West Falkland - 700 metres
Natural resources Fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss
Wildlife The only native mammal - the warrah - became extinct in the mid-19th century and is thought to have been brought to the Islands as a hunting dog by Patagonian Indians.  Sea mammals include Peale's and Commerson's dolphin, Southern Sea Lion, Fur Seals, the rare Leopard Seal, Killer and Pilot Whales..  There have been recorded sightings of approximately 190 bird species.  The Islands contain the world's largest breeding population of the endangered black-browed albatross.   "There are around 500 pairs of King Penguins in the Falkland Islands, and approximately 494,500 mature breeding pairs of penguins in total, including rockhopper, magellanic, gentoo, king and macaroni." (Penguin News Visitor's Guide 2004/5)
Principal Industries Fishing, wool and meat production, tourism
Natural hazards Strong winds persist throughout the year;
The strong sunshine coupled with the lack of pollution and dust in the atmosphere and the holes in the ozone layer above Antarctica can cause sunburn and sunstroke if precautions are not taken
Temperature Average temperature of 9C in January (mean daily maximum 15.3C, mean daily minimum 5.7C) and 2C in July (mean daily maximum 4.5C, mean daily minimum 0.8C) with average rainfall of 576.8mm per annum and average 1738 hours sunshine per annum
Climate Comparison 
The changeability of Falklands weather is best illustrated by two local sayings:-
"If you don't like the weather, wait ten minutes"
"Be prepared for four seasons in one day"


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